THE SECRET OF THE CAMINO OF SAINT JAMES
THE CELTS OCCUPY THE COUNTRY RANGING FROM SUNSET IN SUMMER TO WINTER
Ephorus of Cyme frg 30 b12 ca 350 BC
Ἐκ τῆς Ἰταλίας φασὶν ἕως τῆς Κελτικῆς καὶ Κελτολιγύων καὶ Ἰβήρων εἶναί τινα ὁδὸν Ἡράκλειαν καλουμένην, δι᾽ ἧς ἐάν τε Ἕλλην ἐάν τε ἐγχώριός τις πορεύηται, τηρεῖσθαι ὑπὸ τῶν παροικούντων, ὅπως μηδὲν ἀδικηθῇ· τὴν γὰρ ζημίαν ἐκτίνειν καθ᾽ οὓς ἂν γένηται τὸ ἀδίκημα. Ἀριστοτέλης ΠΕΡΙ ΘΑΥΜΑΣΙΩΝ ΑΚΟΥΣΜΑΤΩΝ 85
They Say that there is a way called “The Heraclean” from Italy as far as the celts [North of Italy], Celtoligians [Marselle] and Iberians, through which, if it pilgrimages a Greek or a native, he is guarded by the inhabitants, that no harm may befall him; and that they exact punishment from those through whom such harm comes. Aristotle. De Mirabilibus auscultationibus [cf. A. Pena San Andrés de Teixido (2006), 9-10]
Of course, it is not the work of Aristotle himself, but from the peripathetic School. These notes are evidently the fruit of direct an accurate observation)
A WAY WRITTEN IN THE SKY
For astronomers of antiquity (Davies) the sun, going through Gemini, gets his chariot in the constellation of the Auriga
and crossing through the desert -an area without visible-star, he arrives to the resplendent spot of flok of the Shepherd Euritión: The Milky Way
The sun went on in Canis Major, where Sirius, with a characteristic red evil glow , was the two-headed shepherd dog named Orto, brother of Cerberus […]
[…] reaching up to Geryon, or Orion; the owner of the celestial herd: a giant with two legs, three trunks, three heads and three [or six] arms.
The myth recounts the march of Hercules (in his 10th labor), following the sun by the desert, to Erutia, “Red Island” in the West, to rob the cows of Geryon. Angry the hero by the heat of Helios, raising his bow, shot his arrows to the sun.
This happened in his tenth labor. The third century BC luso-galician long crossbar fibula (lost), so called Braganza’s Brooch purchased by the British Museum, for one million two hundred thousand pounds. The iconographical program represents, pars pro toto, the twelve labors of Hercules.
Apollo Grannos. Sancto Graal
KING FERNANDO II OF GALIZA AND LEÓN
The General Chronicle of king Alfonso X “The Wise” (XIII century) recounts that when the giant Geryon terrorized the people of this land, Hercules came to help them. after three days of fighting Hercules defeated and slew the giant.
He buried his head on a hill on which he set up the Tower of Brigantia
ISLAND OF ETERNAL YOUTH
“The Celts occupy the country ranging from the sun set in summer to winter”
Ephorus of Cyme frg 30 b12 ca 350 BC
… and last shelter of souls
An Island, a beaked island
In each era, every Finisterre, “Land’s End”, names the misty island in its own way, ‘Land of Women’, ‘Crystal Island’.
Mácaron Nésoi, “Island of the Blessed”, Tír Na NÓg, “Island of Eternal Youth”… ‘Avalon’, Isle of Apples, ‘Hesperia Island”
Insulae Deorum “Island of the Gods”, the name for the Cies Islands … the ‘Fortunate Islands “the Canaries, Madeira and Cape Verde”, also the Brittia island of Procopius, etc.
The sun orbits the earth in three steps (Pena 2004) in the first step takes possession of the sky; in the second step takes possession of the sea, and in the third one, penetrating the sun the interior of the earth takes possession of the Other World .
3 His three timeless steps, filled with ambrosia […]
3 […] For sure He is who holds the three elements, the Sky [the Sea] and Earth.
4 […] For this reason, in the upper region of the sky, the Son has a superior name, and has an inferior [name], and also has a third name: the Father […];
- The man who glorifies Vishnu, crosses two of the steps taken by the god, but can not follow him in the third step [ where no alive person can go]; and neither fast-flying birds are able to reach his limit.
6 In its circular revolutions […] is like a huge wheel that moves in different directions: forever young, but never ever is as a child […] Ríg Veda , Anuvaka1 SuktaXV
THE STONE BOAT
Souls of people and animals arrive at Land’s End, at the Atlantic beaches, to take the boat that will take them “a bom porto”, to Paradise.
[…] following the Sun. Following The Solar Ship
Following in the footsteps of the Sun
Descending to his boat, the Sun transforms its rays into footprint projected and engraved on the rocks
Footprints that show the WAY to the seaside
…to the sands of Aguas Santas “Holly Waters”
Footprints pointing souls THE WAY to the Sands of Paradise Arenas Paradisi
where the ship awaits. Addressing the Souls to his vessel, settling into their place, they march to the Beyond , always assisted by psychopomps agents
“They imagine that the souls of the dead are transported to that island. On the coast of the continent there dwell under Frankish sovereignty, but hitherto exempt from all taxation, fishers and farmers, whose duty it is to ferry the souls over. This duty they take in turn. Those to whom it falls on any night, go to bed at dusk; at midnight they hear a knocking at their door, and muffled voices calling. Immediately they rise, go to the shore, and there see empty boats, not their own but strange ones, they go on board and seize the oars. When the boat is under way, they perceive that it is laden choke-full, with her gunwales hardly a finger’s breadth above water. Yet they see no one, and in an hour’s time they touch land, which one of their own craft would take a day and a night to do. Arrived at Brittia, the boat speedily unloads, and becomes so light that she only dips her keel in the wave. Neither on the voyage nor at landing do they see any one, but they hear a voice loudly asking each one his name and country. Women that have crossed give their husbands’ names”. Procopius
THE STONE BOAT
A BARCA DE PEDRA
Coñece as claves secretas do pasado pagano e presente cristián do Camiño e a orixe dos seus santuarios máxicos. Vídeo elaborado por André Pena, historiador e arqueólogo do Concello de Narón, para a Concellería de Turismo.